Common Mistakes

Seven photo killing flaws

Written by Uncle Frank

Seven of the really big mistakes that digital camera users make.

Photo flaws

I’ve taken well over 15,000 shots with my Nikon digital cameras, and have critiqued more than 10 times that number of pictures on critique sites.

Here are seven major flaws that I look for in every photo I evaluate, be they yours or mine.

1. Camera shake

Blur due to camera shake

Camera shake is evident in the first photo.

There’s some amount of camera shake in every hand-held shot. Using a fast shutter, you can minimize it, but it’s always present to some degree.

Pay attention to your shutter speed. If it’s faster than 1/60th of a second, your picture might come out reasonably sharp, but only if you’re at the wide angle end of your camera’s zoom range. If you’re at the telephoto end, you’ll need something faster than 1/250th of a second. But no matter what the shutter speed, if you want optimal results, use a tripod!

2. Misplaced focus

Focus was on back instead of eye or head area of bird

Focused on back, not eye or head.

Most of those soft, dreamy pictures don’t look artistic, just out of focus. It’s caused by the camera’s auto-focus system locking onto the wrong element in the picture.

That’s a killer issue for macros and close-ups, where clarity is the first thing a critic will look for, and sharp focus on the eyes is essential for portraits.

Read the manual on the various modes of auto-focus your camera offers, and use the one that will place primary focus where it will do the most good.

3. Empty skies

No skyA blank sky does nothing to enhance a composition. It can be a sign of improper metering, poorly chosen perspective, or impatience.

Want great results?

Get up early or wait until the late afternoon to take that picture of a red barn standing in a field of waving wheat.

Editors note: a sky can be added to some photos when editing.

4. Titled Horizons

It's easy to miss the titled horizon line when concentrating on a subject.

Watch the horizon when composing!

A tilt of as little as half a degree in the horizon can throw a fine landscape out of kilter. That’s why pro landscape photographers buy expensive tripods that have built-in levels. Digital photo editing programs make it much easier, since there are leveling tools built into them.

Make checking for a level horizon a top priority. If you don’t, it will be one of the first things you’ll hear about.

5. Bad Backgrounds

m-bgrndTrees and other “stuff” growing out of people’s heads, bright objects drawing attention away from the subject, blown highlights… the list is never ending.

The fact is, the background will account for 50% of the grade your picture gets.

It’s so important that I compose for the background first, and then figure out how to insert the subjects into it.

6. Direct Flash in People Pictures

Harsh shadows, washed out look and red-eye cause by direct flash

Harsh shadows, washed out look and red-eye cause by direct flash

Skin, eyes, lips, and teeth are all reflective surfaces. Fire a flash directly at them, and you’ll have a maze of distracting harsh highlights and shadows.

A camera’s internal flash is like a half-sized spare tire useful only in emergencies. For quality results, use natural light or buy an external flash than works in bounce mode.

7. Over-Sharpening

The Unsharp Mask is both wonderful and the most destructive filter in your toolkit.

It’s often misused in attempts to correct camera shake or misplaced focus. In that mode it’s great for creating ugly halos at the edges of objects, and crunchy skies. Better not to use it at all than to over-apply it.

Unsharp mask

Original, sharpened, over-sharpened

About the author

Uncle Frank

Uncle Frank is a veteran high tech marketeer who resides in the Silicon Valley area of northern
California. His brief foray as a free-lance photographer in the '70s was interrupted by the practical demands of career and raising a family. When he discovered digital photography a few years ago, it re-ignited his passion for the hobby,
particularly as it allowed him to take complete control over the process by enabling him to photo-finish his compositions on his home computer.

Frank thinks of himself as a "technician" when it come to photography, and though his BS in Physics
is ancient, has found the classes he took in mathematics and fields & waves to be of great use. He tries to imprint his personal vision on each composition, and confesses that he shamelessly Photoshops every one of his pictures in an attempt to
enhance them. His photographic interests are broad, ranging from floral macros to hummingbird pictures to wedding photography.

Frank is well known on photo critique sites, which he uses to sharpen his critical eye. He has taken well over 35,000
shots with his digital cameras and has critiqued the photos of others many times that number.

Frank is the founder of FCAS (the Foam Core Addicts' Society), which is dedicated to isolation macro-photography. He has a arsenal of cameras and a bag full of lenses.

The
pictures in Uncle Frank's galleries are low resolution versions, sized for Web viewing. If you're interested in obtaining high quality prints suitable for framing, please contact him directly at
fdrphoto@gmail.com
.

Thumbnails are of photos by Uncle Frank - used with permission. Copyright Uncle
Frank. All rights reserved

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