Advanced Settings

Flash compensation

Written by Gail Bjork

A flash compensation setting allows you to change the output of a digital camera flash to avoid under or over exposure of a subject.

Flash compensation is an feature found on some digital cameras that allows the user to increase or decrease the flash power. This is done by manually changing a camera setting.

Flash compensation differs from exposure compensation in that it only changes the flash output and not exposure, aperture or shutter speed.

Flash compensation should be used when the automatic flash causes underexposure (too dark) or overexposure (too washed out) of a subject.

+1 Flash compensation

+2/3 Flash compensation

+2 Flash compensation

+1/3 Flash compensation

+3 Flash compensation

-1/3 Flash compensation

+4 Flash compensation

-2/3 Flash compensation

About the author

Gail Bjork

Gail Bjork, who is passionate about digital photography, is the owner and editor of Digicamhelp.Gail is the author of three illustrated ebooks about digital photography. A number of her photos and digital photography related articles appear at other websites.In 2006, a series of her photos, People in the Louvre, were exhibited at the Underground Photo Gallery
in Iisalmi Finland. Eight of her photos taken in the Florida scrub are on permanent exhibition at Parrish Medical Center in Titusville, Florida.Gail served twelve years as an elected member of The School Board of Palm Beach County, Florida, one of the largest school districts in the U.S. She has also been the editor of a small town newspaper and a free-lance writer. Gail and her husband owned and ran several small businesses.


  • Lu, you are absolutely correct. Don’t know how we missed this. Thank you for bringing it to our attention and the information has been updated and corrected.

  • The exposures and settings look like they are reversed to me. Perhaps the author meant the flash compensation to read minus 1 to minus 4, instead of plus; that would explain why the photos get darker as the number of stops increase.
    A (-4) flash compensation would decrease the flash power and make a significantly darker image than a (-1) flash compensation. Right?